What Is VAT For E-commerce Companies in India - Ecommerce Guru
What Is VAT for Ecommerce Companies

What Is VAT For E-commerce Companies in India

If you’re the one who wants to expand your brick-and-mortar store to include a digital channel, there are a few things you should know before proceeding. Hopefully, you’re already familiar with the many types of taxes that apply to internet purchases. Make sure you understand all of the taxes you’re responsible for. Value Added Tax, or VAT, is one sort of tax system for selling eCommerce items in India with a proper ecommerce marketing strategy.

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What do you mean by VAT?

When a customer buys a specific type of goods from a retailer, a special tax or VAT is imposed at every stage. This tax is classified as an indirect tax in India since it is paid to the government through indirect ways by the taxpayer (producer or supplier of goods and services).

VAT is a tax imposed on the various phases of the production of products and services, as well as the sale and purchase of such goods and services. In India, every person/manufacturer/seller who supplies products and services for more than Rs. 5.5 lakh yearly is subject to value-added tax, or VAT. This tax is levied on both domestic and international eCommerce products and services.

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Input VAT

The merchant or producer adds input VAT to their purchases. For most company purchases, VAT registered users must pay the state government every month.

Output VAT

This tax is levied on the buyer for a sale transaction completed by a VAT-registered shop or manufacturer. To make sales for a certain amount, the seller of goods and services must register for VAT.

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What is GST, and how does it work?

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) has replaced the Central and State indirect taxes like as VAT, excise duty, and service tax as of July 1, 2017. You need to register for GST for making your business work in a smooth manner. 

What is the formula for calculating GST?

The Goods and Services Tax rates for most eCommerce items fall into three categories: 5%, 12%, and 18%. The majority of services, on the other hand, are subject to an 18 percent GST.

Currently, there are three types of GST:

  • GST (Central Goods and Services Tax) – This tax is applied to sales inside the state and is reported to the federal government.
  • State GST (SGST) – This tax is imposed on sales inside the state and is paid to the state government.
  • Integrated GST (IGST) – This tax applies to all sales made outside of the state and is reported to the federal government.

The GST computation formula

GST Amount = Supply Value x GST Percentage /100

The price charged is equal to the value of the supply plus the amount of GST.

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When GST is included in the value of a supply?

GST Amount = Supply Value – [Supply Value x 100/(100+GST percent)]

Benefits of ecommerce solution providers Over VAT The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a single, all-encompassing, and destination-based taxing system that applies across the country. GST has revolutionised the way tax is collected on eCommerce products and services by removing the tax cascade effect, simplifying tax filing procedures, and reducing compliance concerns.

Calculating Taxes the Old Way (VAT)

  • Assume that the handcrafted goods are sold for Rs. 1000 from Delhi to Mumbai.
  • The VAT on the sold goods is 10% of Rs. 1000, which equals Rs. 100.
  • As a result, the total cost of the goods sold from Delhi to Mumbai, including VAT, is Rs. 1100.
  • 2100 rupees is the selling price.
  • S.P. was subjected to CST at a 10% rate, resulting in a result of 210.
  • The total cost of the product sold is Rs. 2100 plus Rs. 210, for a total of Rs. 2310.


As a result, the GST is more profitable for merchants than the VAT (VAT). As your business investment develops, the Goods and Service Tax (GST) becomes more favourable. I hope you now have a better understanding of what VAT is and how it differs from GST. For smooth company operations in India, e-commerce firm owners should observe the Inter-State and Intra-State GST requirements. We hope that now you have understood everything related to the importance of VAT for the ecommerce business.

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